## Ludwig Boltzmann

**Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann** (1844-1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as mass, charge, and structure) determine
the physical properties of matter (such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion).

Boltzmann's most important scientific contributions were in kinetic theory, including the Maxwell?Boltzmann distribution for molecular speeds in a gas. In addition, Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics and the Boltzmann distribution over energies remain the foundations of
classical statistical mechanics. They are applicable to the many phenomena that do not require quantum statistics and provide a remarkable insight into the meaning of temperature.
(from **wikipedia.org**)

Ludwig Boltzmann - The Genius of Disorder |

Related Links |

Ludwig Boltzmann - wikipediaLudwig Eduard Boltzmann (1844-1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics. |

Entropy and H Theorem: The Mathematical Legacy of Ludwig BoltzmannThis talk is devoted to the presentation of some of the most important concepts in statistical mechanics, including Boltzmann's statistical entropy, the notion of macroscopic irreversibility and molecular chaos, and the Boltzmann equation. |

Statistical Mechanics: The Boltzmann DistributionLeonard Susskind completes the derivation of the Boltzmann distribution of states of a system. This distribution describes a system in equilibrium and with maximum entropy. |