HIST 116: The American Revolution

Lecture 21 - A Union Without Power. In this lecture, Professor Freeman discusses the Articles of Confederation. Although they seem hopelessly weak in the long view of history, the Articles made perfect sense as a first stab at a national government by a people who deeply distrusted centralized power - a direct product of their recent experience of the British monarchy. Among the many issues that complicated the drafting of the Articles, three central issues included: how war debts to European nations would be divided among the states; whether western territories should be sold by the national government to pay for those debts; and how large and small states would compromise on representation. When a series of events - like Shays' Rebellion - highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles, some Americans felt ready to consider a stronger national government.

Lecture 21 - A Union Without Power

Time Lecture Chapters
[00:00:00] 1. Introduction: A Union without Power
[00:02:12] 2. Representation, Taxation, Western Lands: Debates on the Articles of Confederation
[00:10:03] 3. The Immediate Effects of the Articles
[00:17:15] 4. Frail Foreign Relations, Weak Congress, Splitting States: Weaknesses in the Confederation
... in the 1780s
[00:30:40] 5. Shays's Rebellion and Newbough Conspiracy: Their Impacts on Thoughts for a Stronger,
... National Government
[00:40:02] 6. How Can the States Be United? Debates on the National Constitution

Lecture 21 - A Union Without Power
Instructor: Professor Joanne Freeman. Transcript [html]. Audio [mp3]. Download Video [mov].

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Lecture 01 - Introduction: Freeman's Top Five Tips for Studying the Revolution
Lecture 02 - Being a British Colonist
Lecture 03 - Being a British American
Lecture 04 - "Ever at Variance and Foolishly Jealous": Intercolonial Relations
Lecture 05 - Outraged Colonials: The Stamp Act Crisis
Lecture 06 - Resistance or Rebellion? (Or, What the Heck is Happening in Boston?)
Lecture 07 - Being a Revolutionary
Lecture 08 - The Logic of Resistance
Lecture 09 - Who Were the Loyalists?
Lecture 10 - Common Sense
Lecture 11 - Independence
Lecture 12 - Civil War
Lecture 13 - Organizing a War
Lecture 14 - Heroes and Villains
Lecture 15 - Citizens and Choices: Experiencing the Revolution in New Haven
Lecture 16 - The Importance of George Washington
Lecture 17 - The Logic of a Campaign (or, How in the World Did We Win?)
Lecture 18 - Fighting the Revolution: The Big Picture
Lecture 19 - War and Society
Lecture 20 - Confederation
Lecture 21 - A Union Without Power
Lecture 22 - A Road to the Constitutional Convention
Lecture 23 - Creating a Constitution
Lecture 24 - Creating a Nation
Lecture 25 - Being an American: The Legacy of the Revolution