EE 114: Analog Circuit Design

EE 114: Analog Circuit Design (Caltech). Instructor: Professor Ali Hajimiri. The subject of this course is the analysis and design of analog integrated circuits at the transistor level, with an emphasis on intuitive design methods, quantitative performance measure and practical circuit limitations. The course deals with analog circuits in which the information is represented by signals that are continuous both in time and amplitude. Circuit performance is evaluated by means of hand calculations and computer simulations. Topics include: review of physics of bipolar and MOS transistors, low-frequency behavior of single-stage and multistage amplifiers, current sources, active loads, differential amplifiers, operational amplifiers, high-frequency circuit analysis using time- and transfer constants, high-frequency response of amplifiers, feedback in electronic circuits, stability of feedback amplifiers, and noise in electronic circuits, and supply and temperature independent biasing.

Basic Solid State Physics

01. Basic Solid State Physics: Energy Bands, Electrons and Holes
02. Basic Solid State Physics: Holes and Electrons, Doping, Carrier Density
03. Basic Solid State Devices: Distributions, Drift and Diffusion, Mobility, PN Junction Diode
04. Basic Solid State Devices: PN Junction, Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) Basics
05. Basic Solid State Devices: BJT continued, Forward Operation, Large Signal Model
06. Basic Solid State Devices: BJT, Various Effects, Charge Control Model
07. Basic Solid State Devices: Ebers-Moll Model, Small-signal Model, Cut-Off (fT)
08. Basic Solid State Devices: MOS Capacitor, Accumulation, Inversion, Threshold Voltage
09. Basic Solid State Devices: MOS-capacitor (Cont.), MOSFET, Threshold Calculation
10. Basic Solid State Devices: MOSFET, I-V Characteristic Detail, Modes of Operation
11. Basic Solid State Devices: MOSFET I-V, Body-Effect, Velocity Saturation, Small-signal Model
12. Basic Solid State Devices: MOSFET Capacitance, Small-Signal Model, Cut-Off (fT)
13. Economics of Integrated Circuits, Yield
14. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Common Emitter, Small-Signal Gain, Load Line
15. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Common Emitter, Emitter Degeneration, Input/Output R
16. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Common Collector, Common-Base, Cascade
17. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Increasing the Gain, Active Load
18. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): MOS Common Source Amplifier, Source Resistance
19. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Various Loads for MOS Amplifier, Gain and Linearity
20. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Common Drain, Common-Gate, Darlington Pair
21. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Differential Signal, Differential Pair, BJT Amplifier
22. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Differential and Common-Mode Gain, MOS Diff. Pair
23. Basic Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Differential Pair, Input Range, Active Load
24. Biasing: Basic Biasing Techniques, Self-Biasing, Discrete Circuit Biasing
25. Biasing: Integrated Biasing Techniques, Bipolar Current Mirrors, Current Sources
26. Biasing: Integrated Biasing Techniques, MOS Current Source, Headroom Improvement
27. Supply-, Process-, and Temperature-Independent Biasing
28. Compound Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Differential-to-Single Conversion, Active Load
29. Compound Amplifier Stages (Low Frequency): Differential-to-Single-Ended Conversion, High Gain
30. Output Drivers (Low Frequency): Push-Pull, Class-A, Class-B, Efficiency, Distortion
31. Make a Basic BJT Op-Amp (Low Frequency): The Design Process (Part-I)
32. Make a Basic BJT Op-Amp (Low Frequency): The Design Process (Part-II)
33. Compound Stages (Low Frequency): MOS Differential-to-Single Ended Converters, Folded Cascade
34. MOS Op-Amp (Low Frequency): Folded Cascade, Two-Stage, Op-Amp Analysis
35. Low Frequency Behavior Summary (Part-I)
36. Low Frequency Behavior Summary (Part II)
37. High Frequency Behavior: Introduction, Transfer Function, Poles, Zeros
38. High Frequency Behavior: Complete First Order Response Evaluation (Basic Amplifier Stages)
39. High Frequency Behavior: Common Source, Common Drain, Common Gate
40. High Frequency Behavior: Zeros in the Transfer Function, Time-Domain Response, Miller Effect
41. High Frequency Behavior: Nth Order System (first term), Bandwidth Estimation, ZVT
42. High Frequency Behavior: Design Example, Zero-Value Time Constant, Bandwidth Estimation
43. High Frequency Behavior: Zero-Value Time Constants with Zeros, Complex Poles, Low Cut-Off
44. High Frequency Behavior: Higher Order Terms, Generalized Time and Transfer Constants
45. High Frequency Behavior: Applications of Generalized Time- and Transfer-Time Constants (1)
46. High Frequency Behavior: Applications of Generalized Time- and Transfer-Time Constants (2)
47. High Frequency Behavior: Generalized Time and Transfer Constant (TTC), Uncoupled Time Constants
48. High Frequency Behavior: Creation of Zeros, Infinite Value Time Constants, Low Cut-Off
49. Feedback Viewpoint: Introduction, Asymptotic Equality Principle, Types of Feedback
50. Feedback Viewpoint: Effect on Bandwidth, Nonlinearity, Dynamics, Sensitivity
51. Feedback Viewpoint: Asymptotic Gain Formula, Return Ratio, Gain Correction Factors, Examples
52. Feedback Viewpoint: Asymptotic Gain Formula, Return Ratio, More Examples
53. Feedback Viewpoint: Asymptotic Gain Formula, Cherry Hooper, Pole Splitting/Root Locus
54. Feedback Viewpoint: Limitations of Return Ratio, General Definition of Return Ratio
55. Feedback Viewpoint: Impedance Change, Blackman Formula, Examples, Types of Feedback
56. Feedback Viewpoint: Loop Gain, Breaking the Loop, Current and Voltage Loop Gain
57. Feedback Viewpoint: Properties of Loop Gain, Bilateral Loop Gain, Nested Loops
58. Stability: Introduction, Transfer Function under Feedback, Peaking, Routh-Hurwitz Criterion
59. Stability: Stability Criteria (cont), Conditional Stability, Circuit Example
60. Stability: Nyquist Criterion (+derivation), Phase and Gain Margin
61. Stability: Nonlinear Stability Criteria, Circle Criterion
Lecture 62
63. Noise: Random Processes Review, Auto- and Cross Correlation, Power Spectrum
64. Noise: Spectrum Transfer Function, Johnson(Thermal) Noise Derivation, KT/C Noise, Circuit Model
65. Noise: Physics of Shot Noise, Burst Noise, Flicker Noise (1/f Noise), Power Laws
66. Noise: Circuit Noise Models in PN Junction Diode, BJT, MOSFET, Noise Corner Frequency
67. Noise: Noise in Simple Amplifiers, Input Referred Voltage and Current Noise
68. Noise: Power Spectrum of Input and Output Noise for Single Stage Amplifier
69. Noise: Differential Amplifier Noise, Multi-Stage Amplifier Noise
Lecture 70
71. Broadband Amplifiers: Trade-Offs, Gain-Bandwidth vs. Delay Tradeoff, Distributed Amplifier