infocobuild

Cosmology

Cosmology (Winter 2013, Stanford Univ.). Instructor: Professor Leonard Susskind. This course of the Theoretical Minimum series will concentrate on cosmology, the science of the origin and development of the universe. Along the way, students will take a close look at the Big Bang, the geometry of space-time, inflationary cosmology, cosmic microwave background, dark matter, dark energy, the anthropic principle, and the string theory landscape. (from theoreticalminimum.com)

Lecture 01 - The expanding (Newtonian) universe
The classical or Newtonian view of the universe, The equation for the Hubble constant, The expanding universe.
Lecture 02 - Matter and radiation dominated universes
The basic equation for an expanding universe, The equation explicitly for a zero energy universe, The derivation to universes with non-zero energy.
Lecture 03 - Geometries of space: flat, spherical, hyperbolic
Three possible geometries of homogeneous space: flat (infinite), spherical (positively curved and finite), hyperbolic (negatively curved and infinite). The metric for each of these geometries.
Lecture 04 - Cosmological thermodynamics
Einstein's field equations for general relativity, Energy density, Thermodynamic equation of state, Scale factor, Dark energy.
Lecture 05 - Vacuum energy
Density parameter for an energy dominated universe, Vacuum energy, Cosmological constant, Dark energy.
Lecture 06 - Dark matter and allocation of energy density
Energy density allocation equation, The motion of stars and galaxies, Dark matter, Observations of luminosity and red-shift.
Lecture 07 - Temperature history of the universe
The temperature history of our universe, Black-body radiation, Decoupling, Cosmic microwave background radiation.
Lecture 08 - Baryogenesis
Why are there more protons than anti-protons in the universe today? Theory of baryogenesis, The Sakharov conditions, Charge-parity-time (CPT) symmetry, Inflation.
Lecture 09 - Inflation
The theory of cosmological inflation, Big Bang, Magnetic monopoles, Rapid expansion.
Lecture 10 - Inhomogeneities and quantum fluctuations
Inhomogeneities in the universe, Quantum fluctuations, Cosmic microwave background, the formation of galaxies from regions of high energy density.

References
Cosmology (Winter, 2013) | The Theoretical Minimum
This course of the Theoretical Minimum series will concentrate on cosmology, the science of the origin and development of the universe.


The Theoretical Minimum Courses
Classical Mechanics (Fall 2007)
Classical Mechanics (Fall 2011)
Quantum Mechanics (Winter 2008)
Quantum Mechanics (Winter 2012)
Advanced Quantum Mechanics (Fall 2013)
Special Relativity (Spring 2008)
Special Relativity (Spring 2012)
Einstein's General Theory of Relativity (Fall 2008)
General Relativity (Fall 2012)
Cosmology (Winter 2009)
Cosmology (Winter 2013)
Statistical Mechanics (Spring 2009)
Statistical Mechanics (Spring 2013)
Particle Physics 1: Basic Concepts (Fall 2009)
Particle Physics 2: Standard Model (Spring 2010)
Particle Physics 3: Supersymmetry and Grand Unification (Spring 2010)
String Theory and M-Theory (Fall 2010)
Topics in String Theory (Cosmology and Black Holes) (Winter 2011)
Quantum Entanglements, Part 1 (Fall 2006)
Relativity (Spring 2007)